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Day 1 - May 5

Day 1 - Thursday, May 5, 2022

    7:00 am - Registration, Check-in & Breakfast
    7:45 am - Welcome Dr. Daniel Leingang,
BSC Vice President for Academic Affairs
Bavendick Stateroom
    8:00 am - 
Bison: From Whence They Came
Chairman Mike Faith Bavendick Stateroom
    Mike Faith is the chairman of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe.
    8:45 am - 
Why Does the Buffalo Matter?
Dan Flores Bavendick Stateroom
    From his book American Serengeti: “[T]his single animal’s end-game exemplifies the whole declensionist story of the relationship between Americans and nature over the past five centuries.”
    9:30 am - Break/Book Signing
    10:00 am - 
Bison Arrival to North America
Dr. Duane Froese Bavendick Stateroom
    The invasion of bison (Bison) from Asia across the Bering Isthmus profoundly affected the North American faunal community, replacing a system dominated by horse and mammoth with one where bison played a keystone role. Bison, or American buffalo, rapidly became the most important competitor for forage within the established large mammal community, and likely changed grassland systems. Early North American bison were morphologically and ecologically diverse. In addition to extant Bison bison, taxa traditionally recognized in systematic treatments include the steppe bison (Bison priscus), which first colonized northwestern North America from Asia, and the giant long-horned bison (Bison latifrons) of the central and southern continent.  The latter is the largest bison known. In this presentation I will discuss how we have established these lineages using a combination of stratigraphic and ancient DNA approaches, and how the distribution of bison, prior to human impacts, reflects the long legacy of ice sheets and past climate change. 
    10:45 am - 
Cultural and Historical Significance of the American Bison
Dakota Goodhouse Bavendick Stateroom
From his article “Remembering the Cannon Ball River” in On Second Thought, “The Lakota people keep their collective memory alive in pictographic records called winter counts. One such winter count, the Brown Hat Winter Count, reaches back to what ethnologists and historians might call ‘myth-history,’ to circa 901 CE. This history reaches back hundreds of years and recalls the arrival of the horse in 1692, the first horse-stealing raid in 1706, intertribal conflict, contact with traders, smallpox, star falls, eclipses, comets, sun dances, white bison hunts, conflicts with soldiers, treaties, the arrival of settlers, the boarding school and reservation era, and human survival.” In his presentation, he will use this cultural, historical, and geographical knowledge to paint a tapestry that will include, among many topics, the emergence of bison, the significance of the bison to his and other tribes, the importance of White Buffalo Calf woman, buffalo jumps, and the Buffalo Society.  
    11:30 am - Lunch
    12:00 pm - Fieldtrip Synopsis: Southwest North Dakota and United Tribes Technical College Francie Berg Bavendick Stateroom
    From her Buffalo Trails in the Dakota Buttes, "The story of the buffalo--that powerful, resilient, magnificent creature--as an American story. In large part it is an Indian story. For thousands of years they flourished together, and as is fitting, Native Americans were in charge of the final hunts."
    12:25 pm - Day 3 Synopsois: United Tribes                              Cody Two Bears 
Technical College
    Cody will discuss the agenda for Saturday, which includes a presentation on the Significance of the Buffallo for Ocethi Sakowin & Local Nations and more.
    12:45 pm - 
Destruction of the Bison
Andrew C. Isenberg Bavendick Stateroom
    From his book The Destruction of the Bison, “On its surface, the encounter between the Old and New Worlds that led to the destruction of the bison appears to be a simple matter: Indian and Euroamerican hunters pushed the species to the brink of extinction for commercial profit. In the nineteenth century, they slaughtered millions of bison and brought to market the animals’ hides, meat, tongues, and bones. Like other environmental catastrophes in the American West . . . the destruction of the bison was, in part, the result of the unsustainable exploitation of natural resources.”

    1:30 pm - 
Return of the Bison: A Panel Discussion
  Bavendick Stateroom
    Panel discussion on the Department of Interior's Long-Term Initiative to Conserve the American Bison to tribal and federal lands and in the issues, positive and negative, of restoring bison to the West.
Moderated by Erik Holland, State Historical Society of ND
    Arnell D. Abold, an enrolled member of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) Tribe, was recently appointed to the position of the Executive Director for the InterTribal Buffalo Council. She is the first Native woman to serve as Director of ITBC since its inception in 1992. 
Jason Baldes, Eastern Shoshone Wind River native, graduated from Montana State with a bachelor’s degree in land resources and environmental sciences, and then went on to earn his master’s in the same field. His goal is restoring buffalo to their native grazing land.
Corissa Busse is the Western South Dakota Conservation Manager for The Nature Conservancy in MN, ND, SD.
Brendan Moynahan is Research Coordinator and Science Advisor to the National Park Service and Chairs the Department of Interior's Bison Working Group.
    3:00 pm - Break/Book Signing/Displays
    3:30 pm - 
Bison and Healthy Indian Communities: A Panel Discussion
  Bavendick Stateroom
    A panel discussion on the healthy benefits of the return of the bison to Indian communities.
Moderated by Scott Davis, Native American Community Outreach, Sanford Health
    Dr. Don Warne, Director, Indians Into Medicine (INMED) & Public Health Programs at UND;
Melissa Sobolik, President, Great Plains Food Bank;
Chairman Mike Faith, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe
Lorraine Davis, President and CEO, Native American Development Center; 

    6:00 pm - Reception - Heritage Center
    Catering by United Tribes Technical College
    UTTC will provide appetizers for Symposium attendees, based on indigenous foods and cooking metiods.

Galleries of the North Dakota State Museum will be open for participants to look closely at skeletons of both
  • Bison latifrons an extinct species of bison that ranged from Alaska to Mexico. It was the largest and heaviest bovid ever to thrive in North America for about 200,000 years, and became extinct some 20,000–30,000 years ago
  • Bison antiquus, an extinct species that lived in Late Pleistocene North America until around 10,000 years ago. A common large herbivore on the North American continent during the late Pleistocene, and is a direct ancestor of the living American bison 
    6:30 pm - 
Dance and Native Flute
  Northern Lights Atrium, Heritage Center
    Kevin Locke
    7:00 pm - 
Documentary: Bring Them Home
  Russell Reid Auditorium, Heritage Center
    An intimate look at the only indigenous tribal-led buffalo drive in North America, Bring Them Home follows members of the Blackfeet Nation as they experience the power of the American bison while driving their herd through rough terrain and hostile weather to their winter pasture – a rare ritual of stewardship that brings hope for a modern-day cultural rebirth. This session will include an introduction and Q&A by filmmaker Daniel Glick.

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